Icon of the Mother of God “Kazanskaya”

In the eighth century, during the iconoclastic movement, Saint John of Damascus (+c. 780; comm. 4 December) was slandered before the Caliph of Damascus by the Emperor Leo III Isaurius (717-740) for his zealous veneration of holy icons. The caliph ordered the saint’s hand to be cut off and hung in the market. In the evening of that day, Saint John, having asked the caliph for a severed hand, applied it to the joint and prostrated himself before the icon of the Mother of God. He prayed to the Most Pure to heal the hand that defended Orthodoxy. In a dream, the saint saw how the Most Holy One promised him a speedy healing and instructed him to work diligently with this hand. When the saint awoke, he found that his arm had become healthy. As a sign of gratitude for the healing, he placed a silver hand on the icon, and it became known as the “Three-handed Icon”. St. John of Damascus became a monk in the Monastery of St. Sava the Consecrated and gave the miraculous icon there. The Lavra presented the icon of the “Three-Handed Woman” to St. Sava, Archbishop of Serbia (+1237; January 12). During the Turkish invasion of Serbia, Christians handed over the icon of the Mother of God for its protection. They put her on a donkey, which, without a driver, came to Mount Athos and stopped in front of the Hilandar monastery. The monks placed the icon in the cathedral church. When there were disagreements over the choice of abbot, the Mother of God herself took over the abbacy, and her holy icon took its place in the church. Since then, only the vicar is elected in the Hilendar monastery, and the monks, according to monastic custom, receive a blessing from the holy icon for all obediences. One of the 17th-century Troeruchitsa icons is the main relic of the Troyan Monastery in Bulgaria. In Russia, the icon of “Troeruchitsy” enjoys special veneration. In 1661, a copy of this icon was brought from the Hilandar Monastery for Patriarch Nikon for his New Jerusalem monastery, delivered to Moscow on June 28 (July 11, New style). At this time, the second feast of the icon’s memory was established in honor of its appearance on Moscow land. The Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Gonchari (Bulgarian Metochion) keeps a list of this icon, which is associated with the preservation of the church and its bells even in times of persecution of the faith. Every Friday, an akathist is read in front of this icon. On the western wall of the church there is another list, and prayers are often heard in front of the icon of the “Troeruchitsa”. Nevertheless, the representation on the icons of the Virgin with a third hand, as if it were her own, caused natural embarrassment. In this regard, the Holy Synod, by decree of May 21, 1722, banned the depiction of such icons, since they contradicted nature, history and truth.

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    Sections
    Troparion
    Troparion
    The troparion is a short church song that, along with theosophical hymns, stood at the origins of the Church.
    Sacrifice
    Sacrifice
    Sacrifice is a request to the Lord for health, or for the repose of your loved ones, or yourself.
    Forty days' requiem
    Forty days' requiem
    Forty days' requiem (Sorokoust) is a type of prayer service that is performed within 40 days. The priest reads the prayer "Holy, Lord…
    Church service
    Church service
    A church service is a formalized period of Christian communal worship, often held in a church building.
    Candles
    Candles
    For many centuries there has been a custom to put a candle in churches and temples in front of icons.
    Candle in front of the icon
    Candle in front of the icon
    The candle lit in front of the icon is a symbol of prayer, a sign of spiritual aspiration to God
    Psalter
    Psalter
    The Psalter is a prayer that is read around the clock and without interruptions, drives away demons and invokes the power of the Lord.
    Psalm
    Psalm
    The psalm is a special genre of prayer poetry.
    Commemoration
    Commemoration
    Commemoration is the mention in prayers of the names of those who are in good health or have passed away.
    Requiem
    Requiem
    A requiem is a type of divine service that is similar to matins and the rite of burial, only abbreviated.
    Absolve sins
    Absolve sins
    Absolution of sins means forgiveness granted by ordained Christian priests and experienced by penitent Christians.
    Prayer
    Prayer
    Prayer is the conversion of a clergyman or a believer to the Lord our God
    Prayer service
    Prayer service
    This is a divine service during which people ask for mercy or give thanks.
    Confession
    Confession
    Confession is a voluntary confession of one's committed sins before God.
    Notes
    Notes
    A church note is a one–time memorial given in the church for commemoration at a proskomedia or litany, at prayer services and memorial services.
    Akathist
    Akathist
    Orthodox Church hymnography, which is a hymn of praise and thanksgiving dedicated to the Lord God