The text of Kafism the fourteenth

The text of Kafism the fourteenth

Celebration: February 28, April 27
The Vilna Icon of the Mother of God, painted by St. Luke the Evangelist, had a long and majestic history. For centuries it served as the ancestral shrine of the Greek emperors in Constantinople. In 1472, the icon was brought to Moscow by Sofia Palaiologos, wife of Grand Duke John III of Moscow (1462-1505). In 1495, the icon blessed the wedding of his daughter Elena, who was marrying the Lithuanian King Alexander. This event was the reason for the establishment of a celebration on February 15 in honor of the transfer of the icon to the former capital of Lithuania, the city of Vilna. After some time, the icon was placed in the Prechistensky Church, where Princess Elena was later buried. Later, John the Terrible tried to return the miraculous icon to Moscow, offering King Sigismund 50 outstanding Lithuanian captives in exchange for the shrine. However, the king, with the resistance of both the Orthodox and Uniate clergy, firmly refused, not wanting to lose this valuable treasure. Prechistensky Cathedral was transferred to the Uniates, and the icon remained in this church until the middle of the XVIII century, after which, together with the metropolis, it was transferred to the Vilna Holy Trinity Monastery, which at that time was under the control of the Basilians. In 1839, the Holy Trinity Monastery and the icon of the Hodegetria were returned to the Orthodox faithful. From that moment on, the icon became the center of reverent veneration for all Orthodox Christians. During the First World War, many shrines, including the Vilna Icon, were evacuated from the frontline zone in Lithuania and Belarus. In 1915, the icon, along with the relics of the Vilna Martyrs, was delivered to the Moscow Donskoy Monastery. The events that occurred after this transfer remain unknown. The icon of the Hodegetria was painted on four wooden boards connected together, the middle of which are made of cypress, and the rest of birch. In 1864, this miraculous image was restored.

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    Troparion
    Troparion
    The troparion is a short church song that, along with theosophical hymns, stood at the origins of the Church.
    Sacrifice
    Sacrifice
    Sacrifice is a request to the Lord for health, or for the repose of your loved ones, or yourself.
    Forty days' requiem
    Forty days' requiem
    Forty days' requiem (Sorokoust) is a type of prayer service that is performed within 40 days. The priest reads the prayer "Holy, Lord…
    Church service
    Church service
    A church service is a formalized period of Christian communal worship, often held in a church building.
    Candles
    Candles
    For many centuries there has been a custom to put a candle in churches and temples in front of icons.
    Candle in front of the icon
    Candle in front of the icon
    The candle lit in front of the icon is a symbol of prayer, a sign of spiritual aspiration to God
    Psalter
    Psalter
    The Psalter is a prayer that is read around the clock and without interruptions, drives away demons and invokes the power of the Lord.
    Psalm
    Psalm
    The psalm is a special genre of prayer poetry.
    Commemoration
    Commemoration
    Commemoration is the mention in prayers of the names of those who are in good health or have passed away.
    Requiem
    Requiem
    A requiem is a type of divine service that is similar to matins and the rite of burial, only abbreviated.
    Absolve sins
    Absolve sins
    Absolution of sins means forgiveness granted by ordained Christian priests and experienced by penitent Christians.
    Prayer
    Prayer
    Prayer is the conversion of a clergyman or a believer to the Lord our God
    Prayer service
    Prayer service
    This is a divine service during which people ask for mercy or give thanks.
    Confession
    Confession
    Confession is a voluntary confession of one's committed sins before God.
    Notes
    Notes
    A church note is a one–time memorial given in the church for commemoration at a proskomedia or litany, at prayer services and memorial services.
    Akathist
    Akathist
    Orthodox Church hymnography, which is a hymn of praise and thanksgiving dedicated to the Lord God